# Music Theory Sample Paper (2021), ABRSM Grade 5 Paper A – Answers and Worked Solutions

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Here, you’ll find the answers, and explanations to the questions in Music Theory Sample Papers (2021), ABRSM Grade 5 Paper A.

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Section 6: Terms, Signs and Instruments

Question 6.1

Question 6.2

Question 6.3

## Section 1: Rhythm ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

### Question 1.1: Time Signature

In this section, students are expected to determine the time signature for a given bar of music.

#### Question 1.1 (a)

The time signature is 6/8 time:

#### Question 1.1 (b)

The time signature is 5/4 time:

#### Question 1.1 (c)

The time signature is 9/16 time:

### Question 1.2

This question is on compound vs simple time.

In this question we are given 3/4 time (simple time), and asked to convert it to compound time. To convert it to compound time, it’ll be 9/8 time.

Next, we’ll need to convert all simple time to compound time. This means that we’ll need to convert all crotchet beats to dotted crotchet beats. To do so, we’ll remove all the triplet signs, and for group of notes equal to a crotchet beat, we add a duplet sign above them.

Hence, the answer for question 1.2 is:

### Question 1.3

a. In 9/4, there are 3 dotted minim beats in a bar.

b. A double- dotted crotchet is equal to 7 semiquavers(s).

### Question 1.4

In this question, students are tested on the grouping of notes in 4/4 time. To group notes in 4/4 time, they should be grouped 1 crotchet beat by 1 crotchet beat.

The correct grouping of 4/4 time is this:

### Question 1.5

The first box is incorrect.

Second box is incorrect.

Third box is correct.

## Section 2: Pitch ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

### Question 2.1

In this question, you are given a note in tenor clef, and asked to give the name of the note. This note is A.

### Question 2.2

This is an enharmonic question. The enharmonic equivalent of D double sharp is B#.

### Question 2.3

This is a transposition question. In this question, students are asked to transpose a given bar of melody down a major 2nd.

The key signature for this piece is E Major. When we transpose it down a major 2nd, it should be D Major (with F# and C#). Since the transposed piece has the key signature of D Major, therefore, the key signature is correctly written.

Next, let’s look at how to transpose the other notes down a major 2nd.

Here’s the answer to the transposition question (question 2.3) of the ABRSM Grade 5 Sample paper A:

### Question 2.4

For the pieces of melody given:

B, and C are of the same pitch.

A is one octave higher than B and C.

(a) False

(b) True

(c) True

## Section 3: Keys and Scales ABRSM – Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

### Question 3.1

Here’s the correctly written key signature of D flat Major:

### Question 3.2

Here’s the correctly written key signature of G# minor:

### Question 3.3

In this section, we are asked to determine the key of a piece of melody. Here’s the answers:

(a) E flat Major

(b) C# minor

(c) F# Major

### Question 3.4

In this question, students are asked what are the missing notes at X, and Y.

This is a question on scale of G flat, descending scale. Here’s the answers:

X: F

Y: C flat

### Question 3.5

In this question, students are asked to give a clef (treble, bass, alto or tenor clef), so that the resulting scale is in a minor key.

(a) bass clef

(b) tenor clef

(c) treble clef

### Question 3.6

In this question, we are asked whether the chromatic scale is correctly written. Here’s the answers:

(a) False

(b) False

### Question 3.7

This questions tests students on the technical names of notes. Here’s the answers:

(a) False

(b) True

(c) False

## Section 4: Intervals – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

### Question 4.1

(a) compound perfect 5th

(b) major 6th

(c) augmented 4th

(a) minor

(b) diminished

(c) minor

IV, V, II, IV, I

(a) imperfect

(b) perfect

Ib

IIb

Ic

## Section 6: Terms and Signs – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

### Section 6.1

This question is on terms and signs.

morendo

dying away

assai

very

retenu

held back

### Section 6.2

This question is on ornaments.

(a) turn

(b) lower mordent

### Section 6.3

This section consists of true/ false questions on instruments.

(a) False

(b) True

(c) False

(d) False

(e) True

## Section 7: Music in Context – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample A

7.1 Only A and B are correctly written 1 octave higher.

7.2

(a) True

(b) False

(c) False

(d) True

(e) True

7.3 flute

7.4 6

7.5

(a) bar 3

(b) 2