Here, you’ll find the answers, and explanations to the questions in Music Theory Sample Papers (2020), ABRSM Grade 5 Paper B.
Table of contents for Music Theory Grade 5 Sample Paper B
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Section 1: Rhythm ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
Question 1.1: Time Signature
In this section, students are expected to determine the time signature for a given bar of music.
Question 1.1 (a)
The time signature is 7/8 time:
Question 1.1 (b)
The time signature is 9/8 time:
Question 1.1 (c)
The time signature is 6/4 time:
This question is on compound vs simple time.
In this question we are given 6/8 time (compound time), and asked to convert it to simple time. To convert it to compound time, it’ll be 2/4 time.
Next, we’ll need to convert all compound time to simple time. This means that we’ll need to convert all dotted crotchets beats to crotchet beats. To do so, we’ll remove all the duplet signs, and for group of notes equal to a dotted crotchet beat, we add a triplet sign above them.
Hence, the correct answer for this question is:
a. In 9/8, there are 3 dotted crotchet beats in a bar.
b. A dotted- minim is equal to 12 semiquavers.
In this question, students are tested on the grouping of notes in 4/4 time. To group notes in 4/4 time, they should be grouped crotchet beat by crotchet beats, or minim beats by minim beats.
The correct answer for this question:
In the first box, is incorrect.
Second box is incorrect.
Third box is correct.
Section 2: Pitch ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
In this question, you are given a note in alto clef, and asked to give the name of the note. This note is C.
This is an enharmonic question. The enharmonic equivalent of F is E#.
This is a transposition question. In this question, students are asked to transpose a given bar of melody down a major 2nd.
The key signature for this piece is E flat Major. When we transpose it down a major 2nd, it should be D flat Major (with B, E, A, D, G flat). Since the transposed piece has the key signature of D flat Major, therefore, the key signature is correctly written.
Next, let’s look at how to transpose the other notes down a major 2nd.
Here’s the answer to the transposition question (question 2.3) of the ABRSM Grade 5 Sample paper B:
|Original||Transposed down a major 2nd||Compared with given melody|
|Key signature (E flat Major) —-|
B, E, A flat
|Key signature (D flat Major) — ( B, E, A, D, G flat)||✓|
|A flat||G flat||✗|
For the pieces of melody given:
C is one octave higher than A.
B is one octave higher than C, and 2 octaves higher than A.
Hence, these are the answers:
Section 3: Keys and Scales ABRSM – Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
Here’s the correctly written key signature of B flat minor:
Here’s the correctly written key signature of B Major:
In this section, we are asked to determine the key of a piece of melody. Here’s the answers:
(a) E minor
(b) G# minor
(c) F# minor
In this question, students are asked what are the missing notes at X, and Y.
This is a question on scale of D harmonic minor, ascending scale. In an harmonic minor scale, we’ll sharpen both the 7th note. Here’s the answers:
X: B flat
In this question, students are asked to give a clef (treble, bass, alto or tenor clef), so that the resulting scale is in a minor key.
Here’s the answer:
(a) alto clef
(b) treble clef
(c) bass clef
In this question, we are asked whether the chromatic scale is correctly written. Here’s the answers:
This questions tests students on the technical names of notes. Here’s the answers:
Section 4: Intervals – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
(a) major 3rd
(b) minor 9th
(c) compound augmented 5th
Section 5: Chords – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
I, V, II, V, I
Section 6: Terms and Signs – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
This question is on terms and signs.
Here’s the answers:
in an undertone
This question is on ornaments.
This section consists of true/ false questions on instruments.
Section 7: Music in Context – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B
7.1 Only C is correctly rewritten 2 octaves lower
(b) bar 8