# Music Theory Sample Paper (2020), ABRSM Grade 5 Paper B – Answers and Worked Solutions

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Here, you’ll find the answers, and explanations to the questions in Music Theory Sample Papers (2020), ABRSM Grade 5 Paper B.

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Section 6: Terms, Signs and Instruments

Question 6.1

Question 6.2

Question 6.3

## Section 1: Rhythm ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

### Question 1.1: Time Signature

In this section, students are expected to determine the time signature for a given bar of music.

#### Question 1.1 (a)

The time signature is 7/8 time:

#### Question 1.1 (b)

The time signature is 9/8 time:

#### Question 1.1 (c)

The time signature is 6/4 time:

### Question 1.2

This question is on compound vs simple time.

In this question we are given 6/8 time (compound time), and asked to convert it to simple time. To convert it to compound time, it’ll be 2/4 time.

Next, we’ll need to convert all compound time to simple time. This means that we’ll need to convert all dotted crotchets beats to crotchet beats. To do so, we’ll remove all the duplet signs, and for group of notes equal to a dotted crotchet beat, we add a triplet sign above them.

Hence, the correct answer for this question is:

### Question 1.3

a. In 9/8, there are 3 dotted crotchet beats in a bar.

b. A dotted- minim is equal to 12 semiquavers.

### Question 1.4

In this question, students are tested on the grouping of notes in 4/4 time. To group notes in 4/4 time, they should be grouped crotchet beat by crotchet beats, or minim beats by minim beats.

The correct answer for this question:

### Question 1.5

In the first box, is incorrect.

Second box is incorrect.

Third box is correct.

## Section 2: Pitch ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

### Question 2.1

In this question, you are given a note in alto clef, and asked to give the name of the note. This note is C.

### Question 2.2

This is an enharmonic question. The enharmonic equivalent of F is E#.

### Question 2.3

This is a transposition question. In this question, students are asked to transpose a given bar of melody down a major 2nd.

The key signature for this piece is E flat Major. When we transpose it down a major 2nd, it should be D flat Major (with B, E, A, D, G flat). Since the transposed piece has the key signature of D flat Major, therefore, the key signature is correctly written.

Next, let’s look at how to transpose the other notes down a major 2nd.

Here’s the answer to the transposition question (question 2.3) of the ABRSM Grade 5 Sample paper B:

### Question 2.4

For the pieces of melody given:

C is one octave higher than A.

B is one octave higher than C, and 2 octaves higher than A.

(a) False

(b) False

(c) True

## Section 3: Keys and Scales ABRSM – Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

### Question 3.1

Here’s the correctly written key signature of B flat minor:

### Question 3.2

Here’s the correctly written key signature of B Major:

### Question 3.3

In this section, we are asked to determine the key of a piece of melody. Here’s the answers:

(a) E minor

(b) G# minor

(c) F# minor

### Question 3.4

In this question, students are asked what are the missing notes at X, and Y.

This is a question on scale of D harmonic minor, ascending scale. In an harmonic minor scale, we’ll sharpen both the 7th note. Here’s the answers:

X: B flat

Y: C#

### Question 3.5

In this question, students are asked to give a clef (treble, bass, alto or tenor clef), so that the resulting scale is in a minor key.

(a) alto clef

(b) treble clef

(c) bass clef

### Question 3.6

In this question, we are asked whether the chromatic scale is correctly written. Here’s the answers:

(a) True

(b) True

### Question 3.7

This questions tests students on the technical names of notes. Here’s the answers:

(a) True

(b) False

(c) True

## Section 4: Intervals – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

### Question 4.1

(a) major 3rd

(b) minor 9th

(c) compound augmented 5th

(a) perfect

(b) minor

(c) major

I, V, II, V, I

(a) imperfect

(b) perfect

Ib

IVa

IIa

## Section 6: Terms and Signs – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

### Section 6.1

This question is on terms and signs.

langsam

slow

sotto voce

in an undertone

douce

sweet

### Section 6.2

This question is on ornaments.

(a) turn

(b) trill

### Section 6.3

This section consists of true/ false questions on instruments.

(a) False

(b) True

(c) True

(d) False

(e) True

## Section 7: Music in Context – ABRSM Grade 5 Music Theory Exam Sample B

7.1 Only C is correctly rewritten 2 octaves lower

7.2

(a) True

(b) True

(c) True

(d) True

(e) False

7.3 Oboe

7.4

7.5 7

(a) 7

(b) bar 8