F Major Scale it starts and ends with F. The relative minor of F Major is D minor. Both of these keys have B♭.
F Major Key Signature
Here’s the key signature for F Major – B♭.
Notes in the Scale of F Major
When we play a scale, we usually start off with an ascending scale (the notes get higher), followed by descending scale (the notes get lower).
Ascending scale of F Major: F, G, A, B♭, C, D, E, F
Descending scale of F Major: F, E, D, C, B♭, A, G, F
Degrees of the Scale
Degrees of the scale refers to the number we assign to each note of a scale. When we are assigning degrees of a scale, we look at the scale in ascending order. Here are the notes for the various degrees of the F Major scale:
1st degree: F
2nd degree: G
3rd degree: A
4th degree: B♭
5th degree: C
6th degree: D
7th degree: E
Technical Names of Notes in F Major
Instead of using the degree of the scale, we can also use technical names of notes.
tonic – F
supertonic – G
mediant – A
subdominant – B♭
dominant – C
submediant – D
leading note – E
Semitones and Tones
In all major scales, they follow this:
|Pairs of notes||Tone or semitone apart?|
|1st -> 2nd||tone|
|2nd -> 3rd||tone|
|3rd -> 4th||semitone|
|4th -> 5th||tone|
|5th -> 6th||tone|
|6th -> 7th||tone|
|7th -> 8th||semitone|
Most adjacent pairs of notes in the major scale are a tone apart, except for the 3rd to 4th note, and the 7th to the 8th note. This doesn’t apply just to F Major scale, but for ALL major scales. By knowing the distance between the notes in a Major scale, we can form any major scale even if we do not know its key signature.
In this case, the semitones are found here:
- From A to B♭ (3rd to 4th note)
- From E to F (7th to 8th note)
F Major Scale on different clefs.
Here’s how the F Major scales look like in treble clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the F Major scales look like in bass clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the F Major scales look like in alto clef.
Here’s how the F Major scales look like in tenor clef (without key signature).
How to play the F Major scale on the piano
The fingerings for the right hand part of the F Major scale are:
F -1/4 (Use 5th finger for the highest note of the scale)
C – 1
E – 3
The fingerings for the left hand part of the F Major scale are:
F -1/5 (Use the 5th finger for the lowest note, the rest should be played with the 1st finger or thumb)
C – 1
E – 2