G Major Scale it starts and ends with G. The relative minor of G Major is E minor. Both of these keys have F#.
G Major Key Signature
Here’s the key signature for G Major – F#.
Notes in the Scale of G Major
When we play a scale, we usually start off with an ascending scale (the notes get higher), followed by descending scale (the notes get lower).
Ascending scale of G Major: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, G
Descending scale of G Major: G, F#, E, D, C, B, A, G
Degrees of the Scale
Degrees of the scale refers to the number we assign to each note of a scale. When we are assigning degrees of a scale, we look at the scale in ascending order. Here are the notes for the various degrees of the G Major scale:
1st degree: G
2nd degree: A
3rd degree: B
4th degree: C
5th degree: D
6th degree: E
7th degree: F#
Technical Names of Notes in G Major
Instead of using the degree of the scale, we can also use technical names of notes.
tonic – G
supertonic – A
mediant – B
subdominant – C
dominant – D
submediant – E
leading note – F#
Semitones and Tones
In all major scales, they follow this:
|Pairs of notes||Tone or semitone apart?|
|1st -> 2nd||tone|
|2nd -> 3rd||tone|
|3rd -> 4th||semitone|
|4th -> 5th||tone|
|5th -> 6th||tone|
|6th -> 7th||tone|
|7th -> 8th||semitone|
Most adjacent pairs of notes in the major scale are a tone apart, except for the 3rd to 4th note, and the 7th to the 8th note. This doesn’t apply just to G Major scale, but for ALL major scales. By knowing the distance between the notes in a Major scale, we can form any major scale even if we do not know its key signature.
In this case, the semitones are found here:
- From B to C (3rd to 4th note)
- From F# to G (7th to 8th note)
G Major Scale on different clefs.
Here’s how the G Major scales look like in treble clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the G Major scales look like in bass clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the G Major scales look like in alto clef.
Here’s how the G Major scales look like in tenor clef (without key signature).
How to play the G Major scale on the piano
The fingerings for the right hand part of the G Major scale are:
G- 1/5 (use the 5th finger only for the highest note)
C – 1
E – 3
The fingerings for the left hand part of the G Major scale are:
C – 2
E – 3
F# – 2