A♭ Major Scale starts and ends with A♭. The relative minor of A♭ Major is F minor. Both of these keys have B♭, E♭, A♭ and D♭ .
A♭ Major Key Signature
Here’s the key signature for A♭ Major – B♭, E♭, A♭ and D♭.
Notes in the Scale of A♭ Major
When we play a scale, we usually start off with an ascending scale (the notes get higher), followed by descending scale (the notes get lower).
Ascending scale of A♭ Major: A♭, B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G, A♭
Descending scale of A♭ Major: A♭, G, F, E♭, D♭, C, B♭, A♭
Degrees of the Scale
Degrees of the scale refers to the number we assign to each note of a scale. When we are assigning degrees of a scale, we look at the scale in ascending order. Here are the notes for the various degrees of the A♭ Major scale:
1st degree: A♭
2nd degree: B♭
3rd degree: C
4th degree: D♭
5th degree: E♭
6th degree: F
7th degree: G
Technical Names of Notes in A♭ Major
Instead of using the degree of the scale, we can also use technical names of notes.
tonic – A♭
supertonic – B♭
mediant – C
subdominant – D♭
dominant – E♭
submediant – F
leading note – G
Semitones and Tones
In all major scales, they follow this:
|Pairs of notes||Tone or semitone apart?|
|1st -> 2nd||tone|
|2nd -> 3rd||tone|
|3rd -> 4th||semitone|
|4th -> 5th||tone|
|5th -> 6th||tone|
|6th -> 7th||tone|
|7th -> 8th||semitone|
Most adjacent pairs of notes in the major scale are a tone apart, except for the 3rd to 4th note, and the 7th to the 8th note. This doesn’t apply just to A♭ Major scale, but for ALL major scales. By knowing the distance between the notes in a Major scale, we can form any major scale even if we do not know its key signature.
In this case, the semitones are found here:
- From C to D♭ (3rd to 4th note)
- From G to A♭ (7th to 8th note)
A♭ Major Scale on different clefs.
Here’s how the A♭ Major scales look like in treble clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the A♭ Major scales look like in bass clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the A♭ Major scales look like in alto clef.
Here’s how the A♭ Major scales look like in tenor clef (without key signature).
How to play the A♭ Major scale on the piano
The fingerings for the right hand part of the A♭ Major scale are:
A♭ -2 /3 (only use 2nd finger for the lowest A flat note, the rest of the A flat should be played with the 3rd or middle finger)
B♭- 3/4 (only use the 3rd finger for the lowest B flat, the rest of the B flat should be played with the 4th finger)
E♭ – 3
G – 2
The fingerings for the left hand part of the A♭ Major scale are:
E♭ – 3
G – 1