G♭ Major Scale it starts and ends with G♭. G♭ Major is the same as F# Major, since G♭ and F# are enharmonic equivalent notes. The relative minor of G♭ Major is E♭ minor (or E flat minor). Both of these keys have B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭. In other words, apart from F, all other notes have a flat.
G♭ Major Key Signature
Here’s the key signature for G♭ Major – B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭ and C♭.
Notes in the Scale of G♭ Major
When we play a scale, we usually start off with an ascending scale (the notes get higher), followed by descending scale (the notes get lower).
Ascending scale of G♭ Major: G♭, A♭, B♭, C♭, D♭, E♭, F, G♭
Descending scale of G♭ Major: G♭, F, E♭, D♭, C♭, B♭, A♭, G♭
Degrees of the Scale
Degrees of the scale refers to the number we assign to each note of a scale. When we are assigning degrees of a scale, we look at the scale in ascending order. Here are the notes for the various degrees of the G♭ Major scale:
1st degree: G♭
2nd degree: A♭
3rd degree: B♭
4th degree: C♭
5th degree: D♭
6th degree: E♭
7th degree: F
Technical Names of Notes in G♭ Major
Instead of using the degree of the scale, we can also use technical names of notes.
tonic – G♭
supertonic – A♭
mediant – B♭
subdominant – C♭
dominant – D♭
submediant – E♭
leading note – F
Semitones and Tones
In all major scales, they follow this:
|Pairs of notes||Tone or semitone apart?|
|1st -> 2nd||tone|
|2nd -> 3rd||tone|
|3rd -> 4th||semitone|
|4th -> 5th||tone|
|5th -> 6th||tone|
|6th -> 7th||tone|
|7th -> 8th||semitone|
Most adjacent pairs of notes in the major scale are a tone apart, except for the 3rd to 4th note, and the 7th to the 8th note. This doesn’t apply just to G♭ Major scale, but for ALL major scales. By knowing the distance between the notes in a Major scale, we can form any major scale even if we do not know its key signature.
In this case, the semitones are found here:
- From B♭ to C♭ (3rd to 4th note)
- From F to G♭ (7th to 8th note)
G♭ Major Scale on different clefs.
Here’s how the G♭ Major scales look like in treble clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the G♭ Major scales look like in bass clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the G♭ Major scales look like in alto clef.
Here’s how the G♭ Major scales look like in tenor clef (without key signature).
How to play the G♭ Major scale on the piano
The fingerings for the right hand part of the G♭ Major scale are:
B♭ – 4
D♭ – 2
E♭ – 3
F – 1
The fingerings for the left hand part of the G♭ Major scale are:
G♭ -4 /2 (use the 4th finger for the lowest note, the rest, use the 2nd finger or index finger)
A♭ – 3
D♭ – 3
E♭ – 2