D♭ Major Scale it starts and ends with D♭. D♭ Major scale is also known as C# major scale. This is because C# Major and D♭ Major scales are essentially the same, since C# and D♭ are enharmonic equivalents.
In D♭ Major scale, it has 5 flats in its key signature. Compared to C# Major scale that has 7 sharps, D♭ Major has 5 flats, making it more commonly used than C# Major scale.
D♭ Major Key Signature
Here’s the key signature for D♭ Major. Notice that it has 5 flats – B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭. This is similar to the key signature of B♭ minor, relative minor of D♭ Major. This means that only 2 notes – C and F do not have flats.
Notes in the Scale of D♭ Major
When we play a scale, we usually start off with an ascending scale (the notes get higher), followed by descending scale (the notes get lower).
Ascending scale of D♭ Major: D♭, E♭, F, G♭, A♭, B♭, C, D♭
Descending scale of D♭ Major: D♭, C, B♭, A♭, G♭, F, E♭, D♭
Degrees of the Scale
Degrees of the scale refers to the number we assign to each note of a scale. When we are assigning degrees of a scale, we look at the scale in ascending order. Here are the notes for the various degrees of the D♭ Major scale:
1st degree: D♭
2nd degree: E♭
3rd degree: F
4th degree: G♭
5th degree: A♭
6th degree: B♭
7th degree: C
Technical Names of Notes in D♭ Major
Instead of using the degree of the scale, we can also use technical names of notes.
tonic – D♭
supertonic – E♭
mediant – F
subdominant – G♭
dominant – A♭
submediant – B♭
leading note – C
Semitones and Tones
In all major scales, they follow this:
|Pairs of notes||Tone or semitone apart?|
|1st -> 2nd||tone|
|2nd -> 3rd||tone|
|3rd -> 4th||semitone|
|4th -> 5th||tone|
|5th -> 6th||tone|
|6th -> 7th||tone|
|7th -> 8th||semitone|
Most adjacent pairs of notes in the major scale are a tone apart, except for the 3rd to 4th note, and the 7th to the 8th note. This doesn’t apply just to D♭ Major scale, but for ALL major scales. By knowing the distance between the notes in a Major scale, we can form any major scale even if we do not know its key signature.
In this case, the semitones are found here:
- From F to G♭ (3rd to 4th note)
- From C to D♭ (7th to 8th note)
D♭ Major on different clefs.
Here’s how the D♭ Major scales look like in treble clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the D♭ Major scales look like in bass clef (without key signature). I’ve also included the fingerings:
Here’s how the D♭ Major scales look like in alto clef.
Here’s how the D♭ Major scales look like in tenor clef (without key signature).
How to play the D♭ Major scale on the piano
The fingerings for the right hand part of the D♭ Major scale are:
E♭ – 3
The fingerings for the left hand part of the D♭ Major scale are:
E♭ – 2
F – 1
G♭ – 4
B♭ – 2
C – 1